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看電視是否會“越看越餓”?答案是……

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Appetite for distraction: Does watching TV make you hungrier?

看電視是否會“越看越餓”?答案是……

Sitting down in front of the television with a meal or snack after a long day is a very popular recreational pastime. And thanks to streaming services that play every episode of a television series automatically, some viewers aren’t even burning the few calories it might take to reach for the remote.

在漫長的一天結束時坐在電視機前吃東西是很受歡迎的休閑方式?,F如今流媒體平臺可以自動播放下一集電視劇,觀眾甚至連起身去拿遙控器的那點運動量都省了。

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But is it sloth that keeps us chewing, or something else? Is it possible the experience of watching TV can stimulate our appetite?

但是為什么我們看電視時會不停嘴地吃?是因為懶惰,還是別的什么原因?看電視是否會刺激食欲呢?

According to the Cleveland Clinic, television isn’t so much an appetite stimulant as it is an appetite distraction. When we watch TV, we’re engaged in the program, which means we’re paying less attention to the neurological and gastronomical cues that tell us we’re getting full. Instead of taking note of how we're eating, we’re engaged in somewhat passive consumption.

克利夫蘭診所指出,與其說看電視增進食欲,不如說它分散了對食欲的注意力。當我們看電視時,我們的注意力被節目吸引,這意味著我們會忽視神經系統和胃部發出的提示飽腹的信號。我們只是被動進食,卻沒注意到吃了什么,好不好吃。

In 2015, a study published in The International Journal of Communication and Health surveyed 591 undergraduates at the University of Houston. It showed that the more students watched, the more they snacked. The study also found evidence that increased television viewing was associated with a “fatalistic” view of healthy food intake and poor nutritional knowledge.

2015年,一項發表在《國際傳播與健康雜志》上的研究調查了591名休斯頓大學的本科生。調查顯示,學生看電視看得越多,吃的零食就越多。研究還發現有證據表明,看電視過多與對健康飲食的“宿命論”觀點和營養知識欠缺有關。

One reason could be that excessive television viewing of news, entertainment, and advertising sends conflicting messages about food. A news program might tell you to eat more fruit. A commercial might tell you to eat more cold cereal.

一個原因可能是新聞、娛樂和廣告傳達的食物信息是相互矛盾的。新聞節目可能讓你多吃水果。而廣告可能讓你多吃冷麥片。

Combining television and snacking also creates a cognitive association in your brain that may prompt you to consider the two activities intertwined. In other words, you might reach for some pizza or chips not because you’re all that hungry, but because you've come to identify television with eating. You might even eat more depending on the length of a program. If you’re watching Friends, a half-hour sitcom, you might eat less than if you were watching a super-sized episode of a drama like Mad Men.

一邊看電視一邊吃零食可能會在你的大腦中形成認知關聯,導致你認為這兩種活動就應該一起進行。換言之,你去拿披薩或薯條薯片來吃,不是因為你餓了,而是因為你認為看電視時就應該吃東西。你吃多少甚至可能取決于節目的長短。如果你看的是一集半小時的情景喜劇《老友記》,你吃的零食可能比你看一集超長電視?。ū热纭稄V告狂人》)吃進去的少。

That’s not to say the content of a program isn’t influential. In 2013, a study in the journal Appetite looked at a group of 80 subjects, half of whom were told to watch a cooking program and half who were told to watch a nature show. Both groups were presented with equal amounts of chocolate-covered candies, cheese curls, and carrots. Researchers found that viewers of the cooking show tended to eat more chocolate-covered candies than the nature show viewers.

這并不是說,節目的內容對你的進食沒有影響。2013年,一項發表在《食欲》期刊上的研究開展了一個涵蓋80人的實驗,讓其中一半人看烹飪節目,另外一半人看自然節目。研究人員為兩個小組提供了同樣多的巧克力糖、芝士條和胡蘿卜。結果發現,看烹飪節目的人比看自然節目的人吃的巧克力糖更多。

So is snacking while watching television that bad? Like most things, it’s OK in moderation. Eating meals away from the TV can encourage mindful eating, which directs your attention to the food in front of you. You’ll be able to pick up on satiety cues when you're not fully focused on your screen. Better yet, you won’t have to struggle to hear your favorite show over all that chewing.

那么,一邊看電視一邊吃零食真的很不好嗎?像很多事物一樣,只要適度的話還是沒問題的。吃飯時不看電視可以讓你專心吃飯,并關注自己面前的食物。當你的注意力沒有完全被屏幕占據時,你就能接收到飽腹信號。更棒的是,你不用一邊聽自己的咀嚼聲一邊看自己最愛的節目。

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episode ['episəud]

想一想再看

n. 插曲,一段情節,片段,軼事

聯想記憶
popular ['pɔpjulə]

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adj. 流行的,大眾的,通俗的,受歡迎的

聯想記憶
remote [ri'məut]

想一想再看

adj. 偏僻的,遙遠的,遠程的,(感情等)距離很大

聯想記憶
excessive [ik'sesiv]

想一想再看

adj. 過多的,過分的

 
moderation [.mɔdə'reiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 緩和,適度,節制

 
entertainment [.entə'teinmənt]

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n. 娛樂

聯想記憶
engaged [in'geidʒd]

想一想再看

adj. 忙碌的,使用中的,訂婚了的

 
prompt [prɔmpt]

想一想再看

adj. 迅速的,敏捷的,立刻的
vt. 激起

 
evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根據,證據
v. 證實,證明

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stimulant ['stimjulənt]

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n. 興奮劑,刺激物,酒精性飲料 adj. 使興奮的,激

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